What actually is the Hypertension?
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, affects the people who consumes more amount of salt and is undetected for years until and unless the person is affected with heart attack or stroke. So it is also called a “Silent Killer”. It is the force that is applied on your artery walls and the blood that is flowing through your body. If the hypertension is not treated, it can cause harm to the blood vessels which can lead to other health issues such as failure of the kidneys, heart diseases, impaired vision and lots more. In order to avoid the high blood pressure, it should be monitored and checked frequently.
There are two types of hypertensions. one is the primary hypertension which may occur as a result of combination of poor choices in the lifestyle along with genetics. Mainly poor diet, stress, being overweight and not doing physical activity plays the major role in causing it.
The next type of hypertension is called secondary hypertension. It occurs as a result of other types of diseases that are often connected with the person’s endocrine system, responsible for secretion of hormones. But good news about this secondary hypertension is, it can be cured by taking proper treatment for the fundamental disease.
How to Prevent Hypertension?
Don’t worry about hypertension. It can be controlled by making changes in your diet, lifestyle and by taking proper medications. Though medications can treat the problem, making the modest dietary and lifestyle changes are must for delaying or completely preventing hypertension. In addition to this, the person should also avoid using tobacco, alcohol and maintain the healthy weight with physical activity.
Diet Plan for Treating Hypertension
Changes in the diet are very much important for preventing or reducing hypertension and the recommended diets for the people detected with hypertension are as follows:
It is necessary that one should follow DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) pattern as per the National Cancer Institute and American Heart Association. It involves the person eating twice the amount of average daily intake of vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy products, complex carbohydrates and other products. These foods are low in saturated fat, cholesterol as well as rich in calcium, magnesium and potassium.
You should also reduce the daily caloric intake as it is associated with slow decrease in the diastolic and systolic levels of blood pressure.
The next thing you need to do is try to reduce taking the foods that are rich in sodium and with this, you can decrease blood pressure. Even reduce taking dairy products that are rich in saturated fats and trans fats or all of the dietary fats. This helps in controlling body weight which, in turn, can help reduce blood pressure.
Take the foods that are rich in potassium, calcium and magnesium as they have many benefits that are associated with blood pressure.